Breed Profiles and Characteristics

Still a work in progress, but here are some of the favorite breeds. Click on titles for more information and breed details.

Updated: 10/04/21

Ameraucana, Araucana, or Easter Egger?

The Ameraucana is defined as an Easter Egger, as any chicken that possesses the blue egg gene, but doesn’t fully meet any breed description as defined in the APA standards.
Standard Weight: 4.5-6.5 lbs
Standard & Bantam Size
Egg Laying: Very Good (4/wk)
Egg Color: Green/Blue, Pink, Multi, Brown
Egg Size: Large

Australorp

  • Status: Recovering
  • Use: Eggs, Meat
  • Egg Color: Brown
  • Egg Size: Large
    Weight: 5.5 – 7.5 lbs
  • Temperament: Active, gentle
Brahma Chicken Flock

Brahma

  • Status: Recovering
  • Use: Eggs, Meat
  • Egg Color: Brown
  • Egg Size: Medium to Large
  • Weight: 8 – 10 lbs
  • Temperament: Calm, docile

Buff Orpington

  • Primary use: Meat/Eggs
  • Egg production: 190 Yearly
  • Egg size: Large
  • Temperament: Calm
  • Variety: Black, Blue, Buff, White
  • Egg Color: Light brown

Brakel

  • Primary Use: eggs
  • Egg Production: 180 Yearly
  • Egg Size: Small
  • Temperament: Active
  • Recognized Variety: Gold, Silver
  • Egg Color: White

Campine

  • Type: Large Fowl
  • Size: Male: 6lb. / Female 4lb.
  • Purpose: Egg Laying
  • Eggs: Med/large white, about 3 times per week.
  • Recognized Varieties: Silver & Golden.
  • Non-Setter
  • Single comb
Chantecler

Chantecler

  • Use: Eggs, Meat
  • Egg Color: Brown
  • Egg Size: Large
  • Weight: 5.5 – 7.5 lb
  • Temperament: Gentle
  • Winter Hardy, inter layer

Delaware

  • Breed Purpose: Dual Purpose
  • Comb Type: Single
  • Broodiness: Occasional, very good mothers.
  • Climate Tolerance: Cold Hardy.
  • Weight: 8.5 lbs roosters, 6.5 lbs hens.
  • Egg Productivity: Good
  • Egg Size: Large/Jumbo
  • Egg Color: Light Brown

Dominique

  • Purpose: Dual, Eggs/Meat
  • Eggs: 230-275
  • Egg Color: Brown, Medium Size
  • Weight: 6lb
  • The birds’ plumage pattern, also known as “hawk coloring”, offers some protection against some aerial predators.

Dorking

  • Primary Use: Meat/Eggs
  • Egg Production: 140 – 200 Yearly
  • Egg Size: Medium / Large
  • Temperament: Calm, Docile
  • Recognized Variety: Colored, Red, Rose Comb White, Silver Grey, White
  • Egg Color: White ? Tinted
  • Weight: 6-8 lbs

Most Dorking hens will go broody, make good mothers and are quite docile.

Sizzle Chicken

Frizzle

  • Primary Use: eggs
  • Egg Size: Small
  • Temperament: Good forager, Hardy
  • Recognized Variety: Black, Blue, Cuckoo, White
  • Egg Color: Tinted, White
  • Origin: Asia

Leghorn Non White

Type: Large Fowl & Bantam
Size: Medium (6 lbs)
Rarity: Common
Purpose: Egg-laying
Egg Laying: Very Good (4/wk)
Egg Color: White
Egg Size: Large

Turken

Naked Neck Turken

  • Size: 6.5 to 8 pounds
  • Type: Large Fowl & Bantam
  • Black, Buff, Red, White
  • Egg Laying: 2-3 per week
  • Egg Size: Medium
  • Egg Color: Light Brown
    Personality: Docile & Friendly
  • Broody/Setters

Orpington

  • Type: Large Fowl & Bantam
  • Size: 7-8 pounds
  • Purpose: Meat / Egg
  • Recognized Varieties: Buff, Black, Blue, White
  • Egg Color: Brown
  • Egg Size: Large, 3-4 per week.
  • Broody / Setter

Plymouth Rock

  • Primary Use: Meat/Eggs
  • Egg production: 280 Yearly
  • Egg size: Large
  • Temperament: Calm
  • Recognized Variety: Barred, Black, Black Frizzle, Blue, Buff, Columbian, Partridge, Silver Penciled, White
  • Egg Color: Brown, Light Brown

Polish

  • Type: Large Fowl & Bantam
  • Size: Small (4-5 lbs)
  • Purpose: Ornamental
  • Recognized Varieties: Bearded: Black Crested White, White Crested Black. Bearded & non-bearded: Golden, Silver, White, Buff Laced.
  • Egg Laying: Fair (2/wk)
  • Egg Color: White
  • Egg Size: Small / Tiny (bantam)

Rhode Island Red

  • Primary Use: Meat/Eggs
  • Egg Production: 260 Yearly
  • Egg Size: Large
  • Temperament: Hardy
  • Recognized Variety: Rose Comb, Single Comb
  • Egg Color: Brown

Sebright

  • Breed purpose: Ornamental
  • Comb Type: Rose
  • Broodiness: Seldom
  • Climate Tolerance: Average
  • Weight: 22oz males, 20oz females.
  • Egg Productivity: Poor
  • Egg Size: Small
  • Egg Color: White/tinted

Serama

  • Class: Single Comb Clean Legged
  • Type: Bantam
  • Rarity: Rare
  • Purpose: Ornamental
  • Egg Laying: Very Good (4/wk)
  • Egg Color: Cream or Tinted
  • Egg Size: Tiny (bantam)

Speckled Sussex

  • Primary Use: Meat/Eggs
  • Egg Production: 250 Yearly
  • Egg Size: Large
  • Temperament: Alert, Docile
  • Recognized Variety: Brown, Buff, Buff Columbian, Coronation, Light, Red, Silver, Speckled, White
  • Egg Color: Brown, Cream, Tan

Standard Cochin

  • Status: Recovering
  • Use: Meat, Ornamental
  • Egg Color: Brown
  • Egg Size: Large
  • Market Weight: 7 – 9 lbs
  • Temperament: Friendly, docile
  • Characteristics:
  • One of the best broody breeds, good in cold climates. Excellent capon at 12 months of age

Welsummer

  • Primary use: Dual
  • Egg Production: 160- 180 Yearly
  • Egg size: Large
  • Temperament: Friendly, Intelligent
  • Recognized Variety: Gold Duckwing, Partridge, Silver Duckwing.
  • Egg Color: Dark brown

Wyandotte

  • Primary Use: Meat/Eggs
  • Egg production: 190 Yearly
  • Egg Size: Large
  • Temperament: Calm
  • Recognized Variety: Black, Blue, Buff, White
  • Egg Color: Light brown