Fun Facts About Chickens

Did You Know?

  • Chickens are one of the oldest domesticated animals, with evidence of their domestication dating back to ancient Egypt over 4000 years ago.
  • Chickens are intelligent birds and can remember and recognize up to 100 other chickens.
  • Chickens have a complex social hierarchy and communicate with each other using over 30 different vocalizations.
  • Chickens can dream and have a sleep-wake cycle similar to humans.
  • Chickens have a good sense of direction and can find their way home over long distances.
  • Chickens have a pecking order and establish a social hierarchy through pecking and other forms of behavior.
  • Chickens can exhibit personality traits such as shyness or aggression, and some breeds are known to be more docile or energetic than others.
  • Chickens are omnivores and will eat a variety of foods, including seeds, insects, and even small reptiles.
  • Chickens have a highly developed sense of taste and are able to distinguish between different flavors.
  • Chickens are known for their ability to produce eggs, but they can also be raised for their meat.

More Interesting Facts

  • Chickens, like all animals, have certain vital signs that are important indicators of their health and well-being. Some of the vital signs of chickens include:
  • Heart rate: A chicken’s normal heart rate is between 250 and 300 beats per minute.
  • Respiratory rate: A chicken’s normal respiratory rate is between 15 and 25 breaths per minute.
  • Body temperature: A chicken’s normal body temperature is between 105-106.7 degrees Fahrenheit (40.5 and 41.5 degrees Celsius).
  • Capillary refill time: This is the time it takes for the blood to return to a chicken’s comb (the fleshy protuberance on top of its head) after being pressed. A normal capillary refill time is less than 2 seconds.
  • Hydration: Chickens should have moist, elastic comb and wattles (the fleshy protuberances on either side of the head). Dry comb and wattles can be a sign of dehydration.
  • Gait: Chickens should walk and move normally, with no signs of lameness or weakness.
  • Behavior: Chickens should be active and alert, with a normal appetite and thirst.

Monitoring these vital signs can help you identify any health issues that your chickens may be experiencing, and allow you to take appropriate action to address them.

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The Chicken’s Senses

Hearing and Sight

Chickens have an acute sense of hearing; they don’t have an ear lobe but have a well developed ear. They have panoramic vision of about 300°, and binocular of about 26°. They can’t rotate their eyes very much, therefore, move their head to follow objects. Their ability to discriminate color is yet to be learned.

Rhode Island Red


A large part of their communication is postural, which signifies both threat and submission. But I have observed vocal communication skills which indicated a wide variety of sounds pertaining to:

  • Mating
  • Contentment
  • Food
  • Danger / Fear
  • Submission
  • Territories
  • Distress
  • Warning
  • Nesting
  • Laying eggs


My observations on the chicken’s ability to taste is limited to their dislike of food that is bitter, sour, too sweet, or too salty. They have about 340 taste buds in comparison to a human’s 10,000. They don’t like drinking water that is warmer than their body temperature, but show a liking for near freezing water.


There is very little research available about a chicken’s sense of smell, or if it’s of any significance to them at all.  But one thing I know for sure, they have an incredible sense of smell for blood.

Observe your Chickens

The best way to better understand your chickens is to watch them, observe their behavior and their individual character traits.  Every member of your flock has likes and dislikes, and a personality all their own. In time, you will be able to identify behaviors by a specific sound or call.  There is a structured language among your flock members, listen, watch, and learn!

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